Receding gums are caused by gum disease, imbalanced occlusion or trauma. Accumulation of plaque at the gum line and poor oral hygiene can lead to receding gums. Bacteria on the plaque release toxic substances that can cause destruction of gum tissue. It may occur when teeth are crooked or fillings and crowns are placed without properly balancing the bite. In both of these cases, the teeth do not come together properly, and increased forces are placed on certain parts of the teeth.
Initially, the gums and bone adjust to excessive forces. However, if the forces continue, bone destruction may result.
Symptoms of Receding Gums
As the teeth and supporting structures have the ability to adapt, one may not realize that the gum recession is occurring until sensitivity is noticed or one detects changes around the teeth. We have to do regular check- ups for that!
Causes of Receding gums
There are two main causes of receding gums.
Overly aggressive oral hygiene, and the buildup of harmful bacteria in the mouth. Brushing too aggressively is an easy fix. It is important to remember that our gums are made of a soft, sensitive tissue that is easily damaged when it is brushed too harshly. Consider making the switch to a soft bristled toothbrush, and always remember to brush in a gentle, circular motion.
It is good to use an electric toothbrush. Regardless of what you do, you willÂ have bacteria in your mouth, for that the natural defense mechanism is saliva. Saliva is very rich in oxygen, and is full of important enzymes that fight the harmful bacteria in your mouth. The negative sideÂ is that the effectiveness of the saliva is altered by the food you eat, the regiment you follow when brushing your teeth, and the oral care products that you use.
Treatment of Receding Gums
Fillings and crowns that do not meet properly should be corrected, and grinding and clenching the teeth should be stopped. Once the gums have receded, the teeth may become sensitive. Certain toothpastes may provide some relief. If the teeth continue to be sensitive, composite resins or other types of fillings, such as amalgam or gold, may be placed in the tooth. Nutritional supplements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin B complex, and vitamin C are sometimes prescribed for prevention of decay and repair of gum tissue.